American - Is most prevalent in the United States and Canada
and sometimes called the North American School.
Smooth Dances - Waltz, Tango, Foxtrot, and Viennese Waltz.
Rhythm Dances - Cha Cha, Rumba, East Coast Swing, Bolero, and Mambo.
Ballroom dance has become increasingly popular, mostly because of its performance and entertainment aspects. Ballroom dancing is also widely enjoyed on stage, film, and television. Ballroom dance may refer, at its widest definition, to almost any recreational dance with a partner. However, with the emergence of dance competition, two principal styles have emerged, International and American, along with more informal styles commonly called Social. Dances are also typically categorized as International Standard, International Latin, American Smooth or American Rhythm. Informally dances are categorized as Smooth or Latin.
The American Smooth style of dance is loosely similar to the International Standard style of dance, with the main difference being that Smooth uses more separated and open figures, and International Standard is exclusively made up of closed figures.
Both American Rhythm and International Latin dances move to contemporary Latin American music and perform their routines in pretty much the same spot (with the exception of traveling dances such as the Samba). The movements in both dances are free and sensual, as you’d expect from Latin dancing.
International - Originally developed in England and is most prevalent in Europe.
Standard Dances - Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz, Slow Foxtrot, and Quickstep.
Latin Dances - Samba, Cha Cha, Rumba, Paso Doble, and Jive.
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Ballroom dance is a set of partner dances, which are enjoyed both socially and competitively around the world. The main styles of ballroom include smooth, latin and rhythm. Ballroom dancing is fun, a great social activity and provides significant health benefits.
Social or Informal Ballroom dancing also encompasses other dances such as the Peabody, Quickstep, Jive, Merengue, Paso Doble, Samba, West Coast Swing, Polka, and Hustle.